Endangered Bird Species

Endangered Egyptian Vulture
Endangered Egyptian Vulture Photo: Rajiv Butalia

Endangered bird species were first enumerated In 2014 in Uttarakhand by bird conservator Asad Rahmani and then State Chief Conservator of Forests, Dr. Dhananjai Mohan listed. 45 endangered bird species. They covered their findings in their  book “Threatened birds of Uttarakhand”. 

Identification, protection and monitoring of Important Bird Areas (IBAs) is a major global conservation programme initiated by Birdlife International and recognized and appreciated by many governments, NGOs and conservationists. Their book is an extension of the BNHS’s IBA programme to identify the threatened and near threatened bird species in Uttarakhand and to recommend measures for their long-term protection. Covering critically endangered (like Himalayan quail or mountain quail, white-backed or oriental white-rumped vulture), endangered (Egyptian vulture and black-bellied tern, malayan quail or mountain quail, pink-headed duck, white-bellied Heron, etc., endangered vulnerable (Western tragopan, marbled duck, sarus crane, etc.), and near threatened (Ferruginous duck, painted stork, great hornbill, etc.) species, the their enumeration contributes immensely in expanding the scope of conservation in India, taking it beyond tiger conservation to make it more inclusive.

The assessment of red listed bird species is updated on a global scale on a yearly basis by The International Union for Conservation of Nature and Birdlife International. Based on the 2012 red list, India has 87 threatened and 68 near threatened bird species. In Uttarakhand 45 state-specific, globally red listed bird species were identified, of-which 25 are threatened and 20 near-threatened.

Dhananjai Mohan has stated  that the most endangered birds of the state include four species of vultures: the White-rumped, Slender-billed and Red-headed are critically endangered while the White Vulture is  endangered. The Himalayan Quail, which was thought to be extinct, is on the state’s critically endangered list.

The State has an important role to play in the conservation of birds in the vulnerable group, which include Cheer Pheasant, Pallas’s Fish Eagle, Grey-crowned Prinia, and Yellow weaver and Great Slaty Woodpecker. This woodpecker has been found to have covered distances up to Indonesia.

Painted Stork with Immature
Painted stork with immature. Photo: Rajiv Butalia

Birds play an important role in the ecosystem such as controlling population of insects and dispersal of seeds and aiding pollination.

The State of Uttarakhand has 686 bird species 

Critically Endangered
  • Himalayan Quail or Mountain Quail
  • White-backed or Oriental White-rumped Vulture
  • Slender-billed Vulture
  • Red-headed or King Vulture
  • Baer’s Pochard
  • Egyptian Vulture
  • Black-bellied Tern
  • Cheer Pheasant
  • Western Tragopan
  • Marbled Duck
  • Long-tailed Duck
  • Lesser White-fronted Goose
  • Wood Snipe
  • Lesser Adjutant
  • Pallas’s Fish-eagle
  • Indian Spotted Eagle
  • Eastern Imperial Eagle
  • Greater Spotted Eagle
  • Sarus Crane
  • Indian Skimmer
  • Great Slaty Woodpecker
  • Grey-crowned Prinia
  • Bristled Grassbird
  • Yellow Weaver
  • White-throated or Hodgson’s Bushchat
Near Threatened
  • Satyr Tragopan
  • Falcated Duck
  • Ferruginous Duck
  • Painted Stork
  • Black-necked Stork
  • Black-headed Ibis
  • Spot-billed Pelican
  • Oriental Darter
  • Laggar Falcon
  • Lesser Fish-eagle
  • Pallid Harrier
  • Cinereous Vulture
  • River Lapwing
  • Eurasian Curlew
  • Black-tailed Godwit
  • River Tern
  • Yellow-rumped Honeyguide
  • European Roller
  • Great Hornbill
  • Tyler’s Leaf Warbler

We encourage you to engage with Save Kumaon

%d bloggers like this: